They also provide information on the letters (P, N, D, etc.) and initials (NG, ZS, TA, etc.) found on many, especially old, Put & Takes, teetotums, etc: Wikipedia Teetotum article . If it landed "0" or Put All or All Put, he would have to match the pot (the rule given in John Scarne's "Scarne on Dice.") or lose all his chips or each player would have to contribute to the pot, depending on the rules. I think it is played like the poker bi-level top above. Click here for a picture of the original colorful box and the instructions. The sender said, " It's from 1982 and was made by a company called BOJO's. HAS A GREEN CLOTH BOARD WITH MAKERS NAME ON BOTTOM. THE DICE (top) IS OF A COMPOSITE MATERIAL (probably plastic). Left end: J Club, Q Club, K Club, J Heart, Q Heart, K Heart. Right end: Bogey Patented, 2-1, 3-1, 4-1, 6-1, 8-1. As the game winds down, they swith the fair top back in, and can leave it to one of the suckers as a souvenir. Looks nice, though: thick, deep embossed inscriptions. Hand stamped, hand knurled, and machined on a manual lathe." Metal. EACH SET IS HANDCRAFTED RIGHT HERE IN THE ILLINOIS VALLEY BY OUR MASTER CRAFTSMAN AND OFFERED AT A DISCOUNTED PRICE IN THIS COMBINATION SET. These have been around for quite a while, usually labeled as "vintage" or "antique." I took these pictures from one honest e Bay seller, who described the set as, "This is a contemporary made game of chance for "Put and Take". The white plastic one here is weighted on the inside for each of the six sides so as to force the desired outcome depending on whether the operator twists the stem to the right or left. A Fast paced & easy to learn game for 2 or more players, new unopened condition. "Rocky Top." Unusual the way the two characters on each side are deliberately mis-aligned, never saw that before. She was impressed, though, with its handsome appearance and heavy weight. Seller says, "Gambling 8 sided put-n-take top carried by all early 1800"s gamblers, a game could be started anywhere with someone putting money into a pool and spinning the top. "PUT," "TAKE," and ""LOSE SPIN." The spinner has 8 sides, but only those three commands: take, lose spin, put, take, put, lose spin, take, put. A few of the cards contain new instructions that can radically change the outcome. They say, "Each of our gambling teetotums are hand turned from a solid brass .75″ hex bar making each one unique. What I received was 36 cards, about 3-1/2" x 2-1/4" each, all with the same standard back design.
It gives the Latin abbreviations on the sides of teetotums. ELLIOTT AVEDON VIRTUAL MUSEUM OF GAMES: Dreidel - Put & Take - Teetotum . I have one set of rules where a land on "0" would mean just that the top passes to the next person. In the pictures below are some of the over 100 Put and Takes in my collection, plus some horse racing and dice tops. G." is an abbreviation for a typical phrase concerning products from France. Here perhaps, the top level refers to classes of poker hands, like: SEQ [a straight? MP= maison plein =maison pleine = full house], POK [? In January 2015, it (spinner, instructions, box) went for 221 euros on e Bay. BLUE OLD CARDBOARD BOX IS ORIGINAL ALSO." It went for 3.50 plus postage, April 2012. While the usual Crown and Anchor game consists of three dice, each of which has a crown, anchor, heart, spade, diamond and club on each of the six sides, this Crown & Anchor spinner has three levels, each of which has those same six sides. As noted elsewhere on this page, it is claimed that the prevalence of crooked Put & Take tops led to the end of the Put & Takes craze after the 1930's. Aluminum mainly, they make a wide variety of modern tops. Their 8-sided one, ink filled engravings, is MS-PT8: 65 grams, aluminum, 2-1/2 inches, spins well. THE DICE IN THIS SET REPRESENT THE FOUR MOST POPULAR STYLES OF DICE IVC HAS TO OFFER AND ALL MADE FROM SOLID BRASS. THESE DICE ARE NOT BRASS PLATED OR PAINTED, THEY ARE 100% REAL CUSTOM MACHINED BRASS. The on on the right appeared on e Bay, Jan 2013, and the seller emailed me that they are being made now by Rose & Pentagram Design,and soldthrough Noble Knight Games. Also, the bottom is rounded, no "nipple" or point to spin on. "Top is NEW 1 and 1/4 inches tall Hand Machined of solid Brass and Polished Made in the U. She sharpened the point *(sanded it down), and that greatly improved its spinning ability. I just received mine in the mail; it spins very poorly. By the way, not shown here, but the jagged line between the "T" and the "A" on the TA side is the signature "Rocky," the nickname of the creator of the top. Originals of these tops are hard to find today, these are made exactly as the originals and after they tarnish, will look exactly like an original does." "Morgan's Revenge, A Pirate Game." Per seller: "This enjoyable and simple game of chance comes with a 6 sided brass top similar to a dreidel, a 16 page booklet including instructions, and replica gold doubloons and pieces of eight. It is small enough to stick in your pocket or in a pouch while wearing your costume. I like it: shiny, heavy 47 grams, 1-3/8" long, get valid spin each time though often a clumsy spin, fun piece, easy to handle. Per dealer, "Made from solid brass, this six-sided Put & Take measures 1.50" long by 7/8" wide. The game finishes when one player has all of the pieces. Great game to have when family comes over for the holidays." Sold at this web site: "Top - Silver with Black Print". The top is stamped, oxidized and then polished but will patina nicely in time." The price for each is . Launcher: 12- inches long." Dealer told me, "sides are just numbered from 1 to 6 with "Industria Argentina" over 4 and "Trompolin M. There are 9 different cards/designs, repeated 4 times for each different card -- so 4 x 9 = 36 cards.
The commands on the six sides are usually in words. The commands are usually: take all, all put, take two, put one, take one, and put two.
The top would pass to the next player after each spin. For example, "Put All" could mean that the spinner matches the pot! 6-sided tops, like the one at the left, are much more common than 8-sided ones.
The heyday was especially seen in 1921 and 22 (I refer you again to the timeline.) There is the 1921 silent movie "Put and Take", a 1921 "Put and Take" Broadway show and song, at least five American patents regarding Put and Take taken out between 19, and even a 1929 "Put and Take" jazz swing composition. from the English and American gambling scene is that too many loaded tops were being used. Players ante into a pot and take turns spinning the top. So, for example, if "1P" and an "R" appeared, it would mean a pair of kings! As far as I could determine, originally from France and probably for the game Pinochle. One issue I have is that if you tighten the handle (as you normally would), the upper level presses against the lower level, so the upper level won't move independently. And here, which shows the company's lighter in the three upper pictures, and the other pictures are of the bi-level Put & Take made from some of the same parts. (Bosch-Lavalette was an old German-French partnership firm which made a wide variety of light engineering precision work, largely connected with fuel injection pumps and small electrical equipment, and large petrol engines. Or it could refer to Bogey motorcycles which were made in the 1920s, thus maybe an advertising item? Here, the side could be for: E (for Even -- 1:1)/disqualified? I have been unable to track down the makers or anything similar. Knowing this would give a favorable percentage to the user; he wouldn't always win on every spin, but would come out a winner in the long run. The "takes" are opposite each other (for example, opposite the "T2" is a "T3"). Per seller: "High quality solid brass spin game, lettering is engraved and painted. "AP = All Pay TA = Take All P1 = Pay One T1 = Take One P2 = Pay Two T2 = Take Two" Excellent spinner -- very easy to spin, and spins very well. Seller says, "spinners made from the finest quality aircraft grade stainless steel which is machined using state of the art CNC turning centers and precision balanced for a piece that will spin perfectly and last forever, with a finish so bright and shiny you will need your sunglasses! "A gaffed gambling device increases your odds to 90% accuracy!
1921 Illustrated London News article -- a full page picture and article entitled "PUT AND TAKE CRAZE : A SUBSITUTE FOR PITCH AND TOSS." It says there that "Put and Take ... 1921 "Ripley's Believe or Not" column on current Put & Take rage -- it had some wrong historical information, but said, "Of course you play that new game of the spinning top called Put and Take? The dark one near the upper right is a cube-shaped metal Put and Take. The two at the lower right and lower left have internal spinning dials. (Source.) The Put & Take shown here is from my collection. The spindle can be pushed to work in either direction. Rather, the "top is fixed so that a tap one way will make little weights enter the "Takes" [sides], while another tap will put the weights into the "Puts" [sides]. This top is illustrated in the explanatory drawings." (From "The Bunco Book," Walter B. The cheat could spin the top clockwise or counter-clockwise as he wished (as done with the three red celluloid spinners above.). As this is ten sided it also has Put Three, Take Three, Put Five, and Spin Again." Modern. Buy it now price is for ONE reproduction only (not original). See this link for patent, dates and corporate information. "T2" - Take 2: The spinner takes (gets paid) 2 from the pot. Perfectly balanced and weighing in at 24 grams, it is designed to spin perfectly for beginners and pros spinners alike." Price: .95 (February 2014). A SUPERB NOVELTY HAND CRAFTED WW 1 COMMEMORATIVE TOKEN KEEPSAKE. I spend quite sometime hand sanding them to get the balance just right and am very proud of them! Called by the e Bay seller: antique, brass, hollow in the inside, and no "top cover." June 2010. this piece has a brass rod that appears to be pressed into the inside of the base; and doesn't appear to have ever had, or needed, a top covering piece. (The "Rocky Top" spinners have serifs to the "T" and "P," which the ones pictured here do not have.) Non-magnetic, probably made of aluminum. Uner that, in a circle, is the name of the game: "Put & Take." Below that is, "Insert penny. Advertised on e Bay (wants 0 plus shipping) as a put and take, but I wonder. Dealer says: "Rare 1920s Trompolin Wooden Put & Take/Spinning Top/Teetotum w/Box&Instructions [in Spanish] ... Kind of bold for a store owner to put up a sign like that. The central knob is spun, the button on the side is pressed to open the window & reveal the instruction, it cannot be spun again until the top button is pulled out to close / reset the window & then the game starts all over again. This is the cover of an inspirational 1951 small booklet published by the H. Both pieces are in good used condition, the top spins nicely and has no breaks and only a few small dings to the brass, the tray has some expected minor scratching and scuffing. If it landed with the star or Take All showing, he would take all the chips from the pot. Words -- Unusual words on put & take: Pool, San Farian, Grab, In, Out, Tak All, and Put All. (Click here for more information about the musical piece.) Players ante into a pot and take turns spinning the top. If the top lands with T1 showing (or "take one"), T2 or T3, the player who spun it would win (take) 1, 2 or 3 chips, respectively, from the pot.Game: TEETOTUM -- (Detail from Brueghel's Painting) . By far, the most common rule is for all the players to add one chip to the pot if "O", "All Put," etc. Also included are many put and takes that I do not own, pictures taken from e Bay listings. Look here, here and here, from a site about Spanish language put and takes. The principle described above applies to another form of Put & Take cheating: the gaffed top is rounded differently on both ends. Also known as PT8-MIL: Seller (on e Bay Sept 2017): "Each of our gambling teetotums are hand turned from a solid brass hex bar making each one unique. YOU ARE PURCHASING A SET OF DICE THAT SCREAM IM SERIOUS ABOUT MY GAMING. THE DICE INCLUDED IN THIS COMBO DEAL ARE AS FOLLOWS: *SET OF TWO SOLID BRASS SPINNING HEX TOP D6 PIP *SET OF TWO 5/8 SOLID BRASS LONG LOG ROLLER D6 PIP *SET OF TWO SOLID BRASS FLOATING D6 PIP *SET OF TWO SOLID BRASS STANDARD D6 PIP Another modern one I saw on e Bay, August 2009. A fun historic game for play at festivals and re-enactments. But the top is difficult to spin properly and consistently. But it is easy to file down the pointy tip to make it spin easily. It features a knurled stem for easy spinning and its heavy 1.6 oz weight [46 grams] will aid in long spin time. "This product is a silver annodized aluminum with black printed letters." "P1" - Put 1: The spinner puts (pays) 1 into the pot. Seller: "the possible outcomes are: T1, T2, P1, P2, WTA, AP2, which translates to: Take 1, Take 2, Put 1, Put 2, All Put 2, and Winner Take All." I have also listed this top on my English-language Put & Take page in the category of Unusual Put & Takes: here. They put out interesting videos showing how they made these tops: click here. Seller says, in Dec 2013, "It has been hand made, not machine made, of brass. I saw these for the first time August 25, 2010, on e Bay in two auctions with starting bids of about each. R." over the rest of numbers." Vintage Children's Put and Take Playing Cards Game, per seller in U. Only three of the designs have words on them: PUT 2, PUT 3, and TAKE 2. Click here to see all 9 different cards and their common back. It notes how some call "profit" a dirty word and want confiscatory taxes. Dealer described it as: "At auction today is a vintage Put and Take game of chance with a Birdseye Maple tray.You can improve/restore the spinning ability of tops. Apparently the spinner was used to help simulate a baseball game -- no odds, no gambling use. Click here for an ad for a similar baseball top, also 1921. G -- 1= Ace - Ace A kings crown with an "R" under it -- R= Roi - King A queen's crown with a "D" under it - D= Dame - Queen Another type of hat with a "V" under it - V= Valet - Jack 10 diamonds" Note that it is over 1-1/2" tall. The cheat pushes the central spindle up or down as he passes the top to a player. Also available as eight sided and ten sided Put & Take. The top is stamped, oxidized and then buffed with steel wool to lighten up the high spots. Manually machined from 1/2" solid brass hex and tipped with a silicon nitride ball bearing. Seller, historyfanatic, from Charleston IN, said, "While this top is made to replicate an original IVORY top, ours is reproduced in a resin-based artificial ivory. "Sure this game is available elsewhere but, as a bonus, we actually throw in 4 extra coins, so you get a total of 16 coins instead of the standard 12. We offer even more coins that are great to add or add replica coins from your own collection. Per the instruction sheet: "lose spin" means the spin goes to next player clockwise (to left); "put" means each player puts a chip (or amount) into pot; "take" means the spinner takes the pot; and "to decrease spinning time of the spinner, spin on a paper or cocktail napkin." First use and trade mark registered in 19, respectively. "P2" - Put 2: The spinner puts (pays) 2 into the pot. Unusual in that the letters are upright, not sideways. Gamp Sports "Spin & Win." Per Gamps: "Gamp Sports is excited to re-introduce this classic Spin & Win game with a top made from solid brass. COMMEMORATING THE ROYAL WELSH FUSILIERS AND THE BATTLE OF THE SOMME 1916. In June and early July 1916, ten battalions of the Royal Welch Fusiliers (RWF) became part of the British Army's huge concentration of men and firepower which, together with the French Army on the right flank, was to assault the German front line in Northern France. Per seller:"This listing is for one put and take spinner with carrying case. There is an emphasis on balance for a great spin, it is tough and has a personality of its own. Seller ID 1knifeguy1 (West Coast Trading Post) of Fairfield, CA, calls them "vintage" brass Put and Takes and lists them many times. PLAYING CARDS ANTIQUE CARD GAME VERY RARE GIVANTAKE PUT TAKE WITH CARDS 1910 A RARE COMPLETE SET OF 20 CARDS TO PLAY THE GAME OF GIVANTAKE A CARD GAME THAT IS PLAYED IN THE SAME MANNER AS A PUT AND TAKE SPINNER TO BE PLAYED BY BETWEEN 3 AND 8 PERSONS AN EARLY VERY EASY TO PLAY GAMBLING GAME CARDS IN VERY GOOD CONDITION ALL SHOWN IN PHOTOS COMPLETE WITH USUALLY MISSING PACKET WHICH IS IN VERY GOOD CONDITION IT HAS THE RULES OF PLAY PRINTED TO THE REVERSE."Put and Take advertising sign. Taped to the back of the sign is the profit chart per set of 1200 "tickets" on a spindle. On the last page the booklet asks, "where is the money going to come from for the operation and expansion of business? " Put & Take with Spinning Tray -- I bought this on e Bay Sept. The little brass spinning top has six sides marked Put One, Put Two, All Put, Take One, Take Two, and Take All.